Bismillahir rahmānir Rahim ("In the name of Allah the Most Gracious, Most Merciful.)
Alhamdu lillahi rabbil 'Alamin (Praise be to Allah, Lord of Hosts)
Arrahmānir Rahim (Most Gracious, Most Merciful)
Maliki yaumiddīn (Lord of the Day of Judgment)
Iyyāka na'budu wa iyyāka nasta'īn (Only to Thee we serve and Thee we only ask for help)
Ihdinās ṣirātal-Mustaqim (Show us the straight path)
Ṣirāṭal-ladzīna an'amta 'alaihim ġayril maġdūbi' alaihim walāḍḍāllīn. (The Way of those whom You have given enjoyeble. Not the way they are you given your angry. And it's not the way they are false)
Shahibu Ratib al-Habib Abdullah bin Alwi al-Haddad started the composition of this glorious remembrance ratibnya with al-Fatihah letter, letter of the choice of the letters contained in the Koran that has grandeur, the secret and virtue that can not be compared with letter- letters contained in the Koran, even with the whole of God's verses ever revealed to the Prophet of all prophets.
It is reported that the emperor sent a letter to Amir al-mu `minin Umar ra, in his letter he said," We found in the Gospel that those who read the letter in which there are seven letters, namely: tsa, kha, Zha, fa, zay, jim and syin, God forbid his body from the punishment of hell fire, and we have been looking in the book of Psalms and the Torah but we do not find it. Whether the letter contained in your book? "And Sayyidina Umar gathered the Companions and told this. Then he said to Sayyidina Ubay bin Ka `ab ra," Surat al-Fatihah it is. "
Then the emperor dijawablah letters and finally he embraced Islam.Imam Abu al-Su `ud ibn Muhammad al-Imadiy in his commentary on the letter mentions a history of the great al-Fatihah, from Hudhayfah al-Yamani, has said the Messenger of Allah," .. that God inflict a very painful Allaah for a people, then one of the children of the children at the al-Fatihah was read and hear God Almighty, then He raised Allaah than these people for forty years thanks to the noble reading.(Letter Makkiyah, consisting of seven verses and is derived after the letter of Al-Muddatsir)Other names of Al-FatihahAl-Fatihah Fatihatul-named because it is the opening book of writing the Book. With this letter are reading in the various prayer begins.Al-Fatihah and was named Mother of the Book-Mother of the meanings of the Qur'an because the Qur'an refers to the meaning contained in the letter of Al-Fatihah. Al-Fatihah was named As-Sab'ul-and Al-Qur'anul Matsani-'Azhim.
In an authentic hadith, "Praise be to Allah, Lord of the universe ... is the Mother of the Qur'an, Mother of the Book, Sab'ul Matsani, and Al-Qur'anul-'Azhim."Al-Fatiha also called Al-hamdu and prayer as there are words of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam from his Lord, "Prayer is divided in half between me and my servant. When the servant says, 'Praise be to Allah the Lord of hosts,' then God said, 'My servant praised me.' "Then Al-Fatihah is named after the prayer because he is a pillar in the prayer.Al-Fatiha also called Ash-Shifa 'because there is information that was reported in marfu' by Ad-Darimi of Abu Said, "Fatihatul-book is all the toxic drugs."Al-Fatihah named Ar-Ruqyah based on the hadith of Abu Said Al-Khudri, that is when he menjampi healthy people, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam said, "How do you know Fatihah is a spell?"Al-Fatiha also called Asasul-Qur'an is based on information reported by Ash-Sya'bi from Ibn Abbas that he named Asasul-Qur'an. Ibn Abbas said, "Al-Fatihah is the basis Bismillahirrahmanirrahim."Sufyan bin Al-Uyainah named by Kafiyah (adequate), "Umm Al-Qur'an in lieu of other than the names of Al-Fatihah.
In addition to the names of Al-Fatihah was no longer named as his successor. "Al-Fatihah virtueImam Ahmad bin Hambal rahimahullah narrated from Abu Hurayrah, he said, "The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam see Ubai bin Ka'b, but he was praying. Messenger said, 'Hi Ubai,' then Ubai glance but said nothing. The Prophet said, 'Hi Ubai,' then Ubai accelerate then went to see his prayer the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam said,' O Messenger of Allah Assalamu'alaika. 'He replied,' O Wa'alaikassalam Ubai. Why do not you answer when I call? 'Ubai said,' Messenger of Allah, verily I was praying. 'The Prophet said,' Did you not find the verse that Allah Almighty revealed to me that says, 'Fill up the call of Allah and the Prophet's call when Messenger calling you to something that gives life to you.'' Ubai replied, 'O Messenger of Allah, I found and I will not repeat it.' The Prophet said, 'when I taught you Sukakah letter revealed no other similar letters to him in the Torah, Gospel, the Psalms, and Al-Furqan? 'Ubai replied,' I love the Messenger of Allah. 'Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wasallam said, 'Truly I do not want to get out of this door before I teach it.' Ubai said, 'Then the Prophet held my hand while told me. I slow down for fear he would get to the door before the finish the conversation. As we neared the door, I said, 'O Messenger of Allah, the letter is that you promise that?' He asked, 'What do you read in the prayer?' Ubai said, 'Then I recited Umm al-Qur'an to him.' He said, 'By my soul in His hand, God does not lose the equivalent of the letter both in the Torah, the Gospel, the Psalms, and Al-Furqan. He is seven verses are read over and over again. '"
At-Tirmidhi also narrated the hadith. According to history, "Verily, Al-Fatihah as seven verses are read over and over and as the noble Qur'an given to me."We find another hadith about the virtues of Al-Fatihah. Imam Muslim narrated in Shahihnya and narrated in his Sunan Nasa'i with a sanad of Ibn Abbas, he said, "Once the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam (sitting) and his side there is Gabriel. Gabriel suddenly heard a voice from above. Then he directs his gaze to the sky and said, 'This is the door of heaven were opened, but had never been. "Ibn Abbas said,' From the door down angel. He went to the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam and said,' announce to (your people) with two light. It was given unto them and never given to any Prophet before you, namely Fatihatul-Book and the last few verses of Surat al-Baqarah. It is not you read a letter from him, but you will be given (reward). '"
In another hadith, Imam Muslim narrated from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam, "Whoever established prayers without reading the Ummy al-Qur'an, then his prayer is not perfect." He said it three times.Reading the law of Al-Fatihah in PrayersRegarding the law, there are three following opinion:First, the priest, congregation and those who pray munfarid (alone) should read Al-Fatihah by the generality of the hadith on this matter, "No legitimate people who do not read the prayer Al-Fatiha." This opinion was held by Imam Shafi'i rahimahullah.Second, the congregation (in the congregational prayer) is not required at all to read Al-Qur'an, Al-Fatihah both letters and other documents, whether in prayer Jahar (readings hardened) and sir (unhardened reading).
It is based on information reported by Imam Ahmad in Musnadnya of Jabi bin Abdullah, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam said, "Whoever gets the priest, the priest reading means reading for the congregation as well." However, sanad of this hadith is weak.Third, in the prayer sir, congregation must read the Fatiha. It is not obligatory in prayer Jahar because there is the hadith in Sahih Muslim from Abu Musa Al-Ash'ari, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam said, "Verily priest direction. If the priest Takbir, then bertakbirlah you, and when the priest read (the letter), then check out with you. "This hadith indicates the authentic-an opinion. And this opinion is qaul qadim (old opinion) Imam Shafi'i
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